Chronic Headache Pain

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Headache Treatment in Merrit Island & Melbourne, FlroidaThe pain of headache can occur anywhere on the head or neck and may be caused by a variety factors, from daily stress to life-threatening conditions like cerebral aneurysms.

Here are the 4 types of headaches:

Acute Headaches
Migraines Headaches
Tension Headaches

A common complication is central sensitization, or the overreaction of pain receptors in the central nervous system to normal physical sensations. Central sensitization is thought to be a consequence of prolonged pain or any long-term painful condition in susceptible individuals.

Various medications may be of benefit to individuals who suffer from headaches. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a first-line route to relief in many patients. An important non-pharmacological abortive therapy for headache may be inhaled oxygen. This therapy has proven quite effective in lowering pain during an attack, and is associated with very few side effects.

Therapeutic injections and neurostimulation are excellent, minimally risky, proven therapeutic options in eligible patients with head and neck neuralgias. Both therapies use different methods to interfere with the sensation of pain along involved nerves.

Nerve blocks are small subcutaneous injections of amide-type local anesthetics, such as lidocaine and bupivacaine, into painful nerves (e.g., the greater occipital nerve, lesser occipital nerve, auriculotemporal nerve, supratrochlear and supraorbital nerves, sphenopalatine ganglion, cervical spinal roots, and facet joints of the upper cervical spine).

In occipital nerve stimulation, a microstimulator that gently modulates the perception of pain is implanted beneath the skin at the rear of the head to control headache. Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) was originally described in the treatment of occipital neuralgia.

Headache can be a debilitating condition and warrants individualized treatment.